(137) There are good grounds for the statement made in the synod hall that Mary is "a living catechism" and "the mother and model of catechists. I am returning this time, taking a more overall view, to the "places" for catechesis, some of which have already been mentioned in chapter VI: the parish, the family, the school, organizations. Paul VI's successor, John Paul II, in Catechesi Tradendae (1979), quickly followed with a statement that both catechesis and evangelization were "called to bring the power of the gospel into the very heart of culture and cultures." The full document is available on the internet.. Brief History In 1977, the synod of bishops met in Rome to discuss the theme, "Catechesis in our time, with special reference to the catechesis of children and young people." Ibid., especially 26-39: loc. "(23) But above all, Jesus Himself at particularly solemn and highly significant moments calls Himself Teacher: "You call me teacher and Lord; and you are right, for so I am"(24); and He proclaims the singularity, the uniqueness of His character as teacher: "You have one teacher,"(25) the Christ. Module 3: Catechesi Tradendae §35-55 V – Everybody Needs to be Catechised (§35-45) VI – Some Ways and Means of Catechesis (§46-50) VII – How to Impart Catechesis (§51-55) 1. Such experiences have a theological foundation in the elements shared by all Christians. also Mt. 38. Since catechesis is a moment or aspect of evangelization, its content cannot be anything else but the content of evangelization as a whole. While Catholic establishments should respect freedom of conscience, that is to say, avoid burdening consciences from without by exerting physical or moral pressure, especially in the case of the religious activity of adolescents, they still have a grave duty to offer a religious training suited to the often widely varying religious situations of the pupils. The truths studied in catechesis are the same truths that touched the person's heart when he heard them for the first time. 55. 2:14ff. "(105) Although we are not in full possession, we do have an assurance and a conviction. Language Suited to the Service of the Credo. 48 . But those who study are bound to bear the stamp of their studies, to be introduced to cultural or moral values within the atmosphere of the establishment in which they are taught, and to be faced with many ideas met with in school. It is the time of discovering oneself and one's own inner world, the time of generous plans, the time when the feeling of love awakens, with the biological impulses of sexuality, the time of the desire to be together, the time of a particularly intense joy connected with the exhilarating discovery of life. Admittedly, apart from the school, many other elements of life help in influencing the mentality of the young, for instance, recreation, social background and work surroundings. 1 Tm. Magisterial Documents: Catechesi Tradendae. 36. These currents of thought certainly have the advantage of reminding us that faith concerns things not yet in our possession, since they are hoped for; that as yet we see only "in a mirror dimly"(103); and that God dwells always in inaccessible light. In essence, the exhortation takes up again the reflections that were prepared by Pope Paul VI, making abundant use of the documents left by the synod. 99. On a more general level, this variety is also demanded by the social and cultural surrounding in which the Church carries out her catechetical work. Magisterial Documents: Catechesi Tradendae . 108. 60. Among the adults who need catechesis, our pastoral missionary concern is directed to those who were born and reared in areas not yet Christianized, and who have never been able to study deeply the Christian teaching that the circumstances of life have at a certain moment caused them to come across. In theology, this view of things will state very categorically that faith is not certainty but questioning, not clarity but a leap in the dark. ), it is supremely important that all these catechetical channels should really converge on the same confession of faith, on the same membership of the Church, and on commitments in society lived in the same Gospel spirit: "one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father. A certain memorization of the words of Jesus, of important Bible passages, of the Ten Commandments, of the formulas of profession of the faith, of the liturgical texts, of the essential prayers, of key doctrinal ideas, etc., far from being opposed to the dignity of young Christians, or constituting an obstacle to personal dialogue with the Lord, is a real need, as the synod fathers forcefully recalled. 3:34; 8:28, 12:49-50; 14:24; 17:8,14. Yet other instances are the meetings of ecclesial basic communities, in so far as they correspond to the criteria laid down in the Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii nuntiandi. 14:6). "(124), Furthermore, the Spirit's mission is also to transform the disciples into witnesses to Christ: "He will bear witness to me; and you also are witnesses. All believers have a right to catechesis; all pastors have the duty to provide it. ‘[T]he ministry of the word… (should be) healthily nourished and (should) thrive in holiness through the word of Sacred Scripture’ [Catechesi Tradendae 27, citing Dei Verbum 10 and 24.] Second Vatican Council, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World Gaudium et Spes, 39: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 24. Teachers, the various ministers of the Church, catechists, and also organizers of social communications, all have in various degrees very precise responsibilities in this education of the believing conscience, an education that is important for the life of the Church and affects the life of society as such. In the third chapter of his Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii nuntiandi, the same Pope recalled "the essential content, the living substance" of evangelization. The final methodological question the importance of which should at least be referred to-one that was debated several times in the synod-is that of memorization. Nor can the two be simply identified with each other. Experience shows, for example, the effect had by instruction given on radio or television, when it combines a high aesthetic level and rigorous fidelity to the magisterium. At the same time it encourages the Lord's disciples to begin anew each day their spiritual journey in truth, adoration and thanksgiving. This remark is even more valid for the catechesis given in the setting of the liturgy, especially at the Eucharistic assembly. Pronounce word 150. In short, without monopolizing or enforcing uniformity, the parish remains, as I have said, the pre-eminent place for catechesis. 17-22 . Cf. You can be sure that if catechesis is done well in your local Churches, everything else will be easier to do. "(19), 8. 68. Thus it is no surprise that every stirring in the field of theology also has repercussions in that of catechesis. Meaning of the Term Catechesis Catechesis comes from the Greek word Katecheo which means ‘to sound from above’ ‘to echo or’ ‘to hand down’, in the Greek context, this word is used to refer to poets addressing their hearers from a stage. (12) We must therefore say that in catechesis it is Christ, the Incarnate Word and Son of God, who is taught - everything else is taught with reference to Him - and it is Christ alone who teaches - anyone else teaches to the extent that he is Christ's spokesman, enabling Christ to teach with his lips. It is likewise directed to those who feel the effects of a catechesis received early in life but badly imparted or badly assimilated. If they do, they will be in danger - a danger that has unfortunately proved only too real - of disappointing their members and also the Church. This teaching is not a body of abstract truths. 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