Working out of Seattle and Beijing, Grace is Harris Bricken’s lead attorney on China labor and employment law matters and the author of a book, the China Employment Law Guide. A/44/49 (1989); 28 I.L.M. A/34/46.  For an online text, see the U.N. Division of the Advancement of Women Web site, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm#article1 (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). [9] G.A. Child Labor Laws In China. Azerbaijan No limit Bangladesh No limit Bhutan No limit Brunei 54 – Enter & start job before 55. [67] Buying an abducted child may result in up to three years imprisonment. [8]  Unless otherwise indicated, “children” or "minors" hereinafter refers to people under the age of eighteen. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. Their families are poor so they are willing to work to earn some money. [30]  Citizens bear the statutory obligation to practice birth control under the law. Chinese work visa, or Z visa, is issued to foreigners who are going to China for a paid job offer or to undertake commercial entertainment performances in China. The fee is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. [43] China Education Statistics, available at http://www.stats.edu.cn/sjcx.aspx (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). i’m singaporean and my boyfriend is from china. [61]  Though the CECC agrees that “the overall extent of child labor in China is unclear due to the government categorizing data on the matter as “highly secret”,”[62] it cited a report on child labor in China finding that “child labors generally work in low-skill service sectors as well as small workshops and businesses, including textile, toy, and shoe manufacturing enterprises.”[63], China is on the “Tier 2 Watch List” in the U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report.  According to this report, “The People’s Republic of China is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. One study found that on average, a child who works 6.75 hours a day has 6.42 fewer hours to study. [24] Muying Baojian Fa Shishi Banfa [Implementation Rules of the Maternal and Infant Health Law] (promulgated by the State Council, effective June 20, 2001). 8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application FormTop 8 Reasons Why Your China Visa Gets Rejected. A significant number of Chinese women and children are trafficked internally for forced marriage and forced labor.”  The report admits the PRC government is making significant efforts to comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.  Its placement on the Tier 2 Watch List is due to its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking, specifically its inadequate protection for trafficking victims, particularly foreign women and P.R.C. - One recent passport standard photo affixed to the Application Form. 18, 2001 Falü Huibian 316, 320 (official source). [58], Article 15 of the Labor Law prohibits an employer to recruit minors under the age of sixteen, with exception made for institutions of literature, art, physical culture, and special crafts which may recruit minors through investigation and approval of the government authorities, and must guarantee the minors’ rights to compulsory education. If there are Chinese Visa Application Centers (CVASC) in your country, you can go there to submit the application; mailed applications are accepted in some CVASCs. The general age requirement for bearing criminal responsibility under Chinese law is sixteen.  A person aged from fourteen to sixteen bears criminal responsibility in intentionally committing serious criminal offenses spelled out in the Criminal Law, including homicide, rape, and robbery.  An offender aged from fourteen to eighteen shall be given a lighter or mitigated punishment. China's working-age population dropped 2.44 million to 919.54 million in 2013, the second straight year of decline, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said on Monday. My employer obtains a new work visa each year. Inspector General | Donate A five-year prison sentence and fine may result if the girl under 14 years of age was acting as a prostitute. There is no need to make an appointment. A voting age is the minimum legal age set by the law at which persons are allowed to engage in casting their vote on a public election day. [5] The Minors Protection Law has seven chapters as follows: Chapter 1, General Principles; Chapter 2, Family Protection; Chapter 3, School Protection; Chapter 4, Society Protection; Chapter 5, Judicial Protection; Chapter 6, Legal Penalties; and Chapter 7, Miscellaneous. Major international documents relating to children’s rights that the PRC government has signed and ratified are as follows: It is worth noting that when deciding on ratification of the CRC, the PRC Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC, China’s top legislative body) made a reservation to Article 6 of the CRC on the inherent right to life, stating that China shall fulfill its obligation provided by this article under the prerequisite of planned birth provided by Article 25 of the PRC Constitution. ChinaLawInfo (Chinalawinfo ID No. [2]  Among many laws and regulations providing children’s rights protection, the primary law in this field is ThePRC Law on the Protection of Minors (first passed in 1991, revised in 2006) (Minors Protection Law). The working-age population, which covers ages between 15 and 59, took 67.6 percent of the country's total population in 2013, down 1.6 percentage points from 2012. This isn’t an ideal option, but, from the legal point of view, it makes the process significantly easier. You can also have a friend, a travel agency or visa agency to act on your behalf. - Applicants need to submit one of the following work permits obtained through their employers in China:a. [44]  Approximately 9.3% of the “migrant children” (those moving with their parents from villages to cities) do not get access to schools in the cities, according to a report of the China Youth Daily, a government related newspaper. An approval document for commercial performances - issued by the Chinese government authorities for cultural affairs.d. [28] Local governments, especially those in developed areas, are establishing local medical insurance systems for the children residing in those areas. The Minors Protection Law requires the judiciary to protect minors’ legal rights during judicial proceedings. I have heard that you need to be employed in the country by 58 or 59 and then renewing the visa is OK, thereafter. Press | Available online atthe Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Web site,: http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). Working hours for most China employees are usually determined under China’s “standard working hours system,” and in most places in China, that means a 40-hour work week — 8 hours a day and 5 days a week. [39], The curriculum in all Chinese schools is decided by the governmental educational authority, namely the Ministry of Education. China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection.  China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights.  The reality, however, is disputable.  Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source.  In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem. The law applies to both domestic and foreign-owned firms hiring employees in China. ], an official Xinhua News Agency report, available at http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2004-05/26/content_1491207.htm (external link) (last visited Aug. 7, 2007). You can go to the Chinese embassy, consulates or other diplomatic missions in person for application. 6.  2001 Gazette Of The Standing Committee Of The National People's Congress 40 (P.R.C.) Res. The government, however, implements the “advocated” policy strongly, which is widely criticized to be violating international human rights standards set up in the international children’s right documents mentioned in above part II.  The Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) detailed the coerced compliance with the policy performed by the officials to be “through a system marked by pervasive propaganda, mandatory monitoring of women’s reproductive cycles, mandatory contraception, mandatory birth permits, coercive fines for failure to comply, and in some cases, forced sterilization and abortion.”[33]   In its 2007 Annual Report, the CECC concludes that in 2007: China continues to implement population planning policies that violate international human rights standards.  These policies impose government control over women’s reproductive lives, result in punitive actions against citizens not in compliance with the population planning policies, and engender additional abuses by officials who implement the policies at local levels.  In 2007, the Party and government leadership reaffirmed its commitment to its population planning policies, and continues to implement such actions as charging large “social compensation fees” to families that bear children “out of plan.”[34], The PRC Law on Compulsory Education (Compulsory Education Law) codifies school-age children the right to receive nine years of compulsory education (a six-year primary school and a three-year middle school). 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